Landscaping Designs

Landscaping Harrisburg PA designs often involve combining hardscape (paths, patios) with softscape (plants). The most effective landscapes employ basic concepts like unity, balance, and variety.Landscaping

Using simple repetition can create cohesion and a uniform look. However, it’s important to have some new elements in your design to avoid monotony. Examples include alternating tall and short plants or placing a focal point in the middle of the garden.

Unity in landscape design is an important concept that allows a landscape to be cohesive and harmonious. It is achieved by using elements that are recognizable and relate to one another in an orderly way. This can be accomplished through repetition, continuity, and proximity. For example, lining up three identical plants or placing similar pots next to each other creates unity in a landscape. Unity is often accompanied by a theme or motif and helps to define the overall feel of a landscape.

Dominance and interconnection are other design concepts that contribute to a sense of unity. Dominance refers to the prominence of a certain element in a landscape. For example, a large tree may draw more attention than a small plant. A dominant feature can also be accentuated through its height or color. Interconnection is achieved through the use of walkways and other regulating lines that connect features within a landscape. It is also possible to achieve unity through the use of odd numbers. For example, arranging plants or other objects in groups of three creates balance and adds visual interest.

Proportion is an important design principle that refers to the size of different components in a landscape. The size of a garden or water feature should be proportional to the size of the house. The size of plants should also be in scale with the surrounding environment. Proper use of proportion can help to avoid a landscape that looks cluttered or chaotic.

Transition is a process that involves gradual change in a landscape. It is important to avoid abrupt changes in a landscape because they can be disorienting to the viewer. Landscape designers can achieve a smooth transition by manipulating basic design principles such as color, size, and line. For example, adding a waterfall or a flowerbed can help create a natural transition between two areas of a landscape. Using varying sizes, shapes, colors, and textures of plants can also help create a natural transition. Lastly, incorporating elements such as gradation can also help create a smooth transition.


The use of repetition can add structure and a sense of movement to a landscape’s design. This is accomplished by utilizing different elements of line, form, color, and texture in a way that creates an orderly pattern or sequence in the garden. In addition, combining these concepts with the principles of unity and balance can help create a cohesive design that is pleasing to the eye.

For example, using similar colors throughout a garden can create unity and harmony. Another method is through the use of gradation, which creates a smooth transition from one area to another. This can be done by using varying heights and sizes of plants, as well as textures. For example, planting small grasses in the front of a garden, followed by medium and then large plants, can be a simple way to create a visual progression.

This also applies to hardscapes, such as paths and walls. Using a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors for these elements can create an interesting and varied landscape while still using some sort of consistency to tie the garden together.

Repetition can also be used to create a rhythm in the garden, which is a recurring pattern of rest and movement. For example, using a repetition of square forms can create a rhythm in a design through the use of wall panels, a patio, and a water feature. This repetition can also be applied to plant forms and shapes, such as the mound shape of Buxus balls or rectangular hedges, or even a specific flower shape like the circular Phlox.

It is important to remember that too much repetition can be distracting and lead to a sense of monotony. This is why it is important to add some new elements to a garden so that the overall design doesn’t look too repetitive. However, it is equally important to find a balance between using repetition and adding new elements to a garden so that the overall design feels fluid and balanced. To do this, it is a good idea to take inspiration from other gardens and landscapes you find attractive and then adapt them to your own property.


The movement of the eye across a landscape is one of the design principles most important to success. It allows the viewer to connect with it and enjoy it. It is created by line, form, texture, and visual weight.

The element of form includes the shape and structure of plant elements and landscape features, as well as the way in which they are positioned. Form is often a result of the growth habits of plants and how they are pruned or groomed. For example, a foundation planting that is gracefully curving softens the linear quality of a house wall.

Form also refers to how the elements of a landscape fit together, such as the relationship between a walkway and planting beds or where turf meets pavement. It also considers the proportion and placement of the various forms in a composition, such as the relative size of trees, shrubs, and ground covers.

A unified composition is essential to the success of a landscape. Unity is achieved by using a common theme or theme-based palette of materials and colors. For example, a color scheme that includes both warm and cool colors contributes to a sense of unity. The use of consistent shapes, curves, and lines is another design principle that adds to a sense of unity.

When something is repeated at a regular interval, it creates rhythm. This can be done in a landscaping design by the repetition of a particular material, such as paving stones, or by a recurring feature, such as a bench or lamp post. It is what ties the design together and makes it feel whole.

Landscaping is the process of designing outdoor “rooms” through horticultural science, spatial organization, and artistic composition. It can be a daunting task to take on, but if you break it down into several steps, the project can be manageable. Start by conducting a site analysis and inventory, identifying needs, creating functional diagrams, and developing conceptual design plans. Then, draw a landscape sketch of your space and identify the key elements that will make it unique.


A good landscape design uses focalization to guide the viewer’s eye toward important plants and other features. Focalization can also draw attention to a specific area by reducing the clutter around it. For example, a statue might be focalized by using color or line to direct the eye towards it. A fountain, flower bed, garden wall, or garden bench can serve as a focal point.

Focalization is an essential design principle that helps create a harmonious, balanced yard. The use of various colors, plant sizes, and textures, along with the use of hardscaping and softscaping, can provide visual variety that draws the viewer’s attention. Contrasting colors, such as warm and cool hues or combinations of different shades, are used to add contrast and pique interest. The use of line can also help to draw the eye’s focus by establishing rhythm and creating a sense of movement within the landscape. Lines can be created by a number of things, including the shape and form of planters, sidewalks, and where grass meets pavement.

Balance is another essential principle in good landscape design. It offers a pleasing sight and a comfortable experience for the viewer. Balance can be achieved by using a variety of colors, shapes, and textures in both hardscaping (like walls and paths) and softscaping (such as trees and grass). The use of contrasting colors, such as warm and cool hues, is recommended to create contrast and draw the eye’s attention. The contrast between smooth and rough textures can help draw the eye’s attention as well.

Another design principle that must be taken into account when designing a landscape is proportion and scale. Scale refers to the size of plants and structures compared to their surroundings. For instance, if you have a small front yard, it is best not to fill it with large shade trees. Similarly, if you have a narrow lot, a dense screen of evergreens might not be the best option since it may block your view from the street. The scale of a landscape should also take into account the size of buildings, the lot, and the type of soil, since these factors will influence the plants that grow best.